Islam and the Deity of Jesus Christ
A Moslem recently made the following comment. “There are no Jewish writings that prophesied the appearing of ‘God’ on earth in the form of a man.”He said this in a denial of the Christian claim that Jesus of Nazareth possessed the nature of “God” in the flesh.He further asserted that Christ never even claimed that he was the “Son of God.”We are compelled to comment upon these fallacious allegations.
The gentleman has correctly portrayed the Moslem view of Jesus Christ.One apologist for Islam has argued that “Jesus never claimed to be a god or the Son of God.”He contended that Christ “was only the servant and apostle of the Lord” in the very same sense that others (like Moses) were messengers of God before him (Hammudah Abdala, Islam in Focus, Indianapolis: American Trust Publications, 1975, p. 158).Another Islamic writer claims that there is no authentic biblical evidence that Jesus ever affirmed that he was the “Son of God” (Sulaiman Shahid Mufassir, Jesus, A Prophet of Islam (Indianapolis, American Trust Publications, 1980, p. 22).
The assertions are striking examples of the fact that those so inclined can fabricate religious theories of their liking – thrusting aside all evidence relevant to the issue.Let us briefly examine each of these claims.
Old Testament Prophecy
Is there any evidence within the body of Old Testament literature that a divine Being would come to earth in human form?There is unequivocal demonstration of such.
Jesus—the Son of God
Let us now give momentary consideration to the misguided charge that Jesus never said that he was the Son of God – an irresponsible affirmation that defies rational explanation.There is ample evidence – in all four Gospel Accounts – to the contrary.
- Matthew records that Christ referred to God as “my Father who is in heaven” (Mt. 7:21; cf. 10:32; 16:17).The parable of the marriage feast casts Jesus in the role of the King’s [God’s]Son (Mt. 22:1ff).It is important to note that when the Lord alluded to God as “my” Father, he always made a distinction between the relationship that he possessed with the Father, and that which obtained with reference to ordinary human beings (cf. Jn. 5:17-18; 20:17).
- Christ depicts himself as the “beloved Son” in the parable of the wicked husbandmen, as recorded by Mark (12:6).Further, under oath before the high priest, Jesus confessed that he was the “Son of the Blessed [One]” (Mk. 14:61-62).
- Luke notes that Christ acknowledged God as his Father – in a unique way – when he was but twelve years old. “I must be about my Father’s business” (Lk. 2:49).And further observe this from the record of the “beloved physician.”Christ said: “All things have been delivered unto me by my Father: and no one knows who the Son is, except the Father; and who the Father is, except the Son, and he to whomever the Son chooses to reveal him” (10:22).
- Nowhere is the Father/Son relationship more pronounced than in the Gospel of John.The Lord refers to himself as “the Son of God” repeatedly (5:25; 9:35; 10:36; 11:4), claiming even, “I and my Father are one” (Jn. 10:30).The Greek term rendered “one” is a neuter form, suggesting that the Son shared the divine nature with his Father.
The assertions (cited above), as set forth by our Moslem friends, are not correct.They thrust aside the testimony of an indisputable historical record.
Scripture references: Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:22-23; Matthew 1:21; John 1:1, 14; Isaiah 9:6; Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:6; Zechariah 13:7; Matthew 26:31; Mark 14:27; Matthew 7:21; Matthew 22:1; John 5:17-18, 20:17; Mark 14:61-62; Luke 2:49; John 10:30