The following articles are related to the topic of CROSS

What Is a Publican in the New Testament?

The term "publican," as rendered in earlier versions (e.g., KJV/ASV), and "tax collector," as found in later translations (e.g., NIV/ESV), translates the Greek word telones. The term is found twenty-one times in the New Testament and only in the first three Gospel records (the Synoptics). Roman Taxation System The taxation systems of the antique world were elaborate and complicated. When ... read more »

Was There Forgiveness Under the Mosaic Regime?

"How could there be forgiveness of sins before Christ died (for example, in the Old Testament period), if forgiveness was predicated upon Jesus' death?" Let us consider two different ways to answer this challenging question. Answer #1: Forgiveness Was Available Before the Death of Christ Do the scriptures assert that, in some sense, forgiveness was obtainable before the death of ... read more »

All Good People Go to Heaven — No Matter What?

My interest was piqued when one of the Pennsylvania coal miners related a conversation between himself and another trapped miner during an emotional interview that aired last Tuesday night with Stone Phillips of Dateline NBC. This young miner said that he asked an older veteran during the ordeal, "Will I go to heaven. . . cause I know the Bible ... read more »

Burden-bearing: It’s the Law

Do you realize that loving others is the law? Love, radiating from the Christian's heart, is that which Paul had in mind when he wrote Galatians 6:2. In helping each other with heavy burdens, we fulfill the "law of Christ." The word law comes from the Greek term nomos, which "became the established name for law as decreed by a ... read more »

A Dispute About the Purpose of Baptism

We receive a great number of questions dealing with a variety of biblical issues. It simply is not possible to deal with all of them. Some are impertinent, trivial, seemingly bereft of any semblance of sincerity and, therefore, in our judgment, warrant no response. We give very little, if any, attention to unsigned correspondence. Some questions, however, though reflecting erroneous ... read more »

Mary’s First Communion

Some seven centuries before the birth of Christ, Isaiah prophesied that a certain "virgin" would conceive and bear a son whose name would be called "Immanuel," an expression which would suggest, "God is with us" (Isaiah 7:14). The name was symbolic, reflecting what the Person would be, not what his proper name would be called (Matthew 1:21). The inspired Matthew ... read more »

Dispensationalism and Zechariah 14

Dispensationalists-those enamored with the notion that Christ will return to the earth to establish a political kingdom over which he will reign for one thousand years-rely heavily upon Zechariah, chapter fourteen, as an important Old Testament element of the premillennial scheme. Dispensational writer Hobert E. Freeman characterizes this chapter as a description of "the destruction of Israel's enemies, salvation of ... read more »

Blasphemy — What Is this Great Sin?

For many people, one of the most fearful terms to be found in the New Testament is the word "blasphemy." Blasphemy is represented as a horrible sin, but what is it? Have I been guilty of it? Can one obtain pardon for it? These are serious questions that engage the attention of the devout person. Blasphemy is an anglicized form ... read more »

The Campbell-Purcell Debate (1837)

Over the past several months, various new media outlets have been ablaze with the controversy that has racked the Roman Catholic Church pertaining to the morality (or lack thereof) in a significant number of the Church's priests.The "pedophilia mania" has shaken that institution to its very foundation, and litigation is taxing its financial resources.This disgraceful circumstance has provided tons of ... read more »

The Blood of Christ Across the Centuries

John the baptizer introduced Jesus Christ as "the Lamb of God, that taketh away the sin of the world" (Jn. 1:29). In the concluding book of the New Testament, the apostle John depicts the Lord as "the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world" (Rev. 13:8, KJV, ASVfn). "From the foundation of the world" means that the death of ... read more »