The following articles are related to the topic of CATHOLIC

The Jesus Ossuary Inscription

James, the brother of Jesus, is mentioned several times in the New Testament. Paul, in his letter to the Galatians, says that on a visit to Jerusalem, he saw "James, the Lord's brother" (Gal. 1:19). Matthew mentions James, along with Christ's other half-siblings (Mt. 13:55-56). Following his resurrection from the dead, Jesus appeared to James (1 Cor. 15:7). James was ... read more »

What Is the Meaning of, “Destruction of the Flesh,” in 1 Corinthians 5:5?

"In his letter to the church at Corinth, Paul commanded those Christians to deliver a sinful brother 'unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh' (1 Cor. 5:5).This sounds like a very severe requirement.Could you comment?" In this section of the apostle's letter, he deals with a gross example of immorality in the Corinthian church.A man had become sexually intimate ... read more »

Does Divine Justification Exclude Human Obedience?

"A friend insists that the word 'justified' in the New Testament is in the passive voice, therefore, it is something that God does, not man. Therefore, a human action, such as baptism, couldn't be part of the justification process. Is this correct?" Your friend's argument could not be more incorrect. While the passive form "justified" emphasizes the fact that ultimately ... read more »

John Tetzel’s Indulgences

During the era of the Protestant Reformation, certain Roman Catholic clerics employed the practice of "auricular confession" (confessing sins into the ear of a priest) to enhance their own financial welfare and that of the Church. It was commonly taught (and still is) that through the "confessional," relief from guilt, and release from eternal punishment, may be obtained. At the ... read more »

The Sinner’s Prayer — Is It Biblical?

"Ministers frequently tell lost people that they need to 'pray the sinner's prayer.' Exactly what is this 'sinner's prayer'? Is this prayer biblically based? If not, what is its origin?" The so-called "sinner's prayer" is a popular phenomenon in Protestant circles. It is employed at the conclusion of various denominational "revival" services in appeals to convince sincere people to "get ... read more »

Are Preachers To Be Called “Reverend”?

"Do you have information as to when various denominations began to apply the term 'reverend' to preachers?" The title "Reverend" has been adopted in many English-speaking denominations as a courtesy designation for clergymen. Higher orders are designated as "Very Reverend," "Right Reverend," or "Most Reverend." Professor Burton S. Easton, of the General Theological Seminary of the Episcopal Church, has briefly ... read more »

Amos, David, and Instruments of Music

"Does Amos 6:5 censure David's introduction of instrumental music in worship - even under the old covenant?Does the text hint that musical instruments in the Old Testament were something God tolerated, like polygamous marriage, rather than being his ideal?" This is a question upon which Bible expositors are not agreed. Let us first note the controversial text. In his rebuke ... read more »

False Ideas Regarding Death

Each day of our existence we are reminded of the grim reality of death. It haunts us. We know so little about it. In fact, we know almost nothing regarding this ultimate physical experience, except for what is revealed in the Bible. But the biblical information is limited, and so false notions about death permeate society's thinking. The following discussion ... read more »

Ernest Renan’s Assessment of Jesus Christ

If Christ emphatically asserted that he was the Son of God, when in fact he was not, then he lied. Not only would he have been a liar, he would have been a scoundrel of the worst magnitude. Joseph Ernest Renan (1823-92) was a philosopher, theologian, and orientalist. He was educated at an ecclesiastical college in Treguier, Brittany. Young Renan ... read more »

An Analysis of the “Salvation Army”

Street corner bands, trucks collecting repairable items, red kettles, ringing bells at Christmas time, and soup lines are well-known marks of the internationally publicized Salvation Army. This is an organization that is hailed as a paragon of virtue by most religious people. The Salvation Army is widely acclaimed for its charitable thrust. It operates hostels for homeless men and women, ... read more »