The following articles are related to the topic of ARCHAEOLOGY

A Survey of the Major Prophets

There is a collection of five Old Testament books that are commonly designated as the "Major Prophets." This appellation is not intended to suggest a superior character; rather, these documents are major in size, compared to the twelve books of the "Minor Prophets." The Major Prophets represent the books of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, and Daniel. Isaiah The book of ... read more »

The Jesus Seminar – Part 2

As noted in our previous installment , the so-called Jesus Seminar has proposed a restructuring of Christian history-principally in three areas: First, this panel of liberal theologians has presented to contemporary society a new Jesus, whom they claim is the real Jesus. Their "Jesus" is not the virgin-born, raised-from-the-dead Son of God whom Christians serve; rather, this new Jesus was ... read more »

Ernest Renan’s Assessment of Jesus Christ

If Christ emphatically asserted that he was the Son of God, when in fact he was not, then he lied. Not only would he have been a liar, he would have been a scoundrel of the worst magnitude. Joseph Ernest Renan (1823-92) was a philosopher, theologian, and orientalist. He was educated at an ecclesiastical college in Treguier, Brittany. Young Renan ... read more »

Israel’s Exodus from Egypt

As long as Joseph exercised regal authority in the land of Egypt, the Hebrew people flourished. But when a new king arose, who "knew not Joseph," the lives of the Israelites became "bitter and hard" (Ex. 1:8,14). Eventually, Jehovah commissioned Moses to confront Pharaoh, the Egyptian king: "Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, Let my people go" (Ex. 5:1). ... read more »

Are Modern “Church Buildings” Digressive?

There is a minority element within the Christian community that contends the early church met exclusively in private homes, not in the type of public facilities one sees today. They allege that the use of modern "church buildings" is in violation of the biblical pattern. Church groups, they argue, are "families." Therefore, in order to preserve the atmosphere of intimacy, ... read more »

The Cyrus Decree

It was one of the most extraordinary acts in international history. When the Persians overthrew the Babylonian empire (539 B.C.), Cyrus, the conqueror, issued a proclamation releasing the Jews from their seventy-year period of captivity. The biblical record of that edict reads as follows: "Thus says Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth has Jehovah, the God ... read more »

Critical Theory Attacks Genesis 1 and 2

It is common for liberal critics of the Bible to assert that the book of Genesis contains two accounts of the creation. Allegedly, these two records reflect different authors, different time periods, etc. It is further charged that the narratives contradict each other in several particulars. The two accounts are supposed to involve Genesis 1:1-2:3 and Genesis 2:4-25. One author ... read more »

Is the Genesis Creation Account Poetry?

Liberal theologians have long sought to recast the Genesis record of origins by a variety of exegetical manipulations. One of these is the theory that the Mosaic narrative in Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 is not a document of prose-oriented history. Instead, it is alleged to be poetry. It is contended that history narrative as a discipline did not exist ... read more »

Babylon: A Test Case in Prophecy—Part 1

It was the most remarkable community of its day-a San Francisco, New York, or London of the antique world. Herodotus (484-425 B.C.), known as the father of ancient history, once visited the great metropolis. He said that "in magnificence there is no other city that approaches to it" (The Histories I.178). It was Babylon! Babylon's roots reached back almost to ... read more »

Defending the Faith with a Broken Sword — Part 3

In this series of articles we have attempted to show the nobility of defending the truth.Truth is precious.Solomon declared: "Buy the truth, and sell it not" (Prov. 23:23). We thus have the responsibility of defending the truth with the utmost integrity. Sometimes, though, regrettably, those who attempt to defend the truth actually end up selling it out by their misapplication ... read more »